GROWING IN THE GRACE OF THE LORD

(A study for new converts)

"THE LORD'S SUPPER"

LESSON 6

INTRODUCTION:
  A. The fellowship around the Lord's table is intended to unite and draw us closer to God and to each other.
  B. It is an opportunity to express one's meditations to God.
  C. It is a communion in which each individual eats and drinks with the Lord.
  D. The Lord's Supper is a monument to the body and blood of Jesus Christ.
  E. It is given as a means of remembrance of His death for remission of sins.
 
DISCUSSION:
 
I. THE INSTITUTION OF THE LORD'S SUPPER
  A. Instituted by whom?
    1. Matthew 26:17-30
    2. Mark 14:12-25; Luke 22:7-30; 1 Corinthians 11:17-34
  B. Place to be observed.
    1. Luke 22:29-30
    2. Matthew 26:26-30
    3. "IN MY FATHER'S KINGDOM"
  C. Who is to partake?
    1. John 3:3-5
    2. If it is eaten in the Kingdom, then only citizens of the Kingdom are to eat it!
  D. What did the first century Christians understand concerning the Lord's Supper?
    1. Acts 20:7
    2. To be taken EVERY first day of the week.
    3. To be taken with the saints who were assembled together.
      1) Hebrews 10:25
      2) It was not to be given at the convenience of those who chose not to be assembled with the saints.
      3) It was not to be taken outside the assembly (I Corinthians 11:33-34).
 
II. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SUPPER
  A. To commemorate our freedom from sin.
    1. I Corinthians 11:26
    2. Romans 4:25
  B. A memorial raised in memory of Jesus (I Corinthians 11:24).
    1. In remembrance of the greatest PERSON.
    2. In remembrance of the greatest deed - His sacrifice for me.
  C. It is a proclamation that I believe in Jesus (I Corinthians 11:26).
  D. It is an anticipation - looking forward to the second coming of our Saviour (I Corinthians 11:26; Revelation 22:20). "COME LORD JESUS."
  E. If I absent myself from this memorial, what do I tell others about myself?
    1. I proclaim that I do not believe what Jesus teaches.
    2. I proclaim to others that there is something more important to me than Jesus!
    3. I cry to the world that I am not "SEEKING THE KINGDOM FIRST" (Matthew 6:33).
  F. It is an examination.
    1. I Corinthians 11:27-32
    2. Partake in a worthy manner (I Corinthians 11:27).
    3. Observe it in peace and harmony (I Corinthians 10:17).
    4. Remembering the sacrifice
 
III. THE DESIGN OF THE LORD'S SUPPER
  A. What must be our attitude toward this part of worship (I Corinthians 11:26-32)?
  B. I Corinthians 11:26 - with anticipation "...TILL I COME."
  C. I Corinthians 11:27 - in a worthy manner.
  D. I Corinthians 11:28 - examining self, not others.
  E. I Corinthians 11:29 - "DISCERNING THE LORD'S BODY"
    1. Remembering Jesus and what he did with His body for us (Isaiah 53:8).
    2. Remembering what we have because He shed His blood.
 
IV. THE DAY AND THE FREQUENCY OF THE OBSERVANCE OF THE LORD'S SUPPER
  A. Acts 20:7 — FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK.
  B. There are 52 weeks, therefore, there are 52 FIRST DAYS OF THE WEEK.
  C. Acts 2 — The church was established upon the first day of the week.
  D. The Lord was resurrected upon the first day of the week.
    1. Luke 24:1; Mark 16:1; Matthew 28:1
    2. The Lord's Supper is to be the memorial of His death, burial, and resurrection.
  E. THE FREQUENCY
    1. Every first day of the week! See Acts 20:7.
    2. Remember 52 weeks demands that there are 52 first days of the week per year!
 
V. THE ELEMENTS
  A. The bread of the Passover was unleavened (Deuteronomy 16:1-8).
  B. The Lord instituted the Lord's Supper on the Feast of the Passover (Matthew 26:26-29).
  C. The unleavened bread properly symbolizes the purity of our Saviour, whom we are remembering. It symbolizes His body.
  D. The fruit of the vine (Matthew 26:29) symbolizes His blood shed for the sins of mankind. The element is to be grape juice. It is NOT to be alcoholic. It is to be the juice of the vine.
 
VI. CONCLUSION
  A. The Lord's Supper is to be an act of worship. It was seen in Acts 2:42.
  B. Read Hebrews 10:25.
  C. Read I Corinthians 11:20 and I Corinthians 14:26 and see what one misses when he is absent.
 
 
QUESTIONS FROM LESSON SIX
 
    1. What are the reasons that we assemble around the Lord's Table?
    2. When is the Lord's Supper to be observed?
    3. Is there a specific place for the observance? If so, where?
    4. What are the emblems to be used?
    5. What do these emblems represent?
    6. According to I Corinthians 11:26-29, what should be on our minds as we partake?
    7. What feast was being observed as our Lord instituted the supper?
    8. Is this supper a part of our worship?
    9. According to I Corinthians 11:20 and 14:26, what do we miss when we are absent?